PLAN MAESTRO “AJAYU CHINCHORRO”.FECOP - FENAPO, ARICA, CHILE.
Actualizado: mar 3
FENAPO ARICA was born in 2008 from families organized in the search, in the first instance, for a decent home where live. This is how the “National Federation of Residents of Arica ”begins to take the first steps through self-management Of the dreams.
FECOP FENAPO Arica, is made up of more than 450 families, of which 70% are immigrants, from Peru and Bolivia mostly. In turn, in this same percentage, families belong to indigenous peoples of the Altiplano, chinchorros, Aymara. In addition 2/3 of the people are women and more than 600 children.
This organization is led by Aníbal Díaz who is dedicated body and soul in this housing project and equipment; health, education, culture, sport, green areas, social industry (renewable energy, organic agriculture, tourism, recycling and self-construction) and all focused from environmental sustainability. Being an example for Chile and the world that sustainable social self-management from the settlers is possible and that when there is perseverance and work dreams can be achieved.
Thus, in 2018 Aníbal Diaz, in a FENAPO meeting in Santiago, he meets Felipe Zapata, architect and teacher of the UCEN; partner of the Urban Design Regeneration Consultant.
Communication channels begin to open, linking and technical support with families in northern Chile. They have kept constant contact and work.
Part of the year 2019 and this 2020, the MINVU has been executing the Diagnosis, for the subsequent raising of the profile of the future PUH “Urban Housing Plan”. With this profile, in 2021 the Serviu will call for bids for the design of this Housing Master Plan and Equipment, which the community has baptized with the name of “Ajayu chinchorro” - “Alma, chinchorro spirit”.
At this stage, Felipe Zapata contacted Leonardo Vergara,(HOPECYCLING) former comrade, the UCEN School of Architecture to work together in the design and implementation of this project.
A very delicate and important subject is the studies of the quality of the soil in this area, since Arica between the years 1984-85 received more than 30,000 tons of polymetals from
Sweden, which has led a large number of the population have carcinogenic elements in their bodies, such as arsenic, lead, etc. Therefore, it is imperative to have a vision of how decontaminate and recover this ecosystem, helping the community to recover from the enormous damage caused by the disastrous human irresponsibility and private and economic interests.
working together with students from the Faculty of Architecture of the Central University of Chile
It is in this context that, in the 2nd Semester in 2020, in the 8th Semester workshops, teachers Carola Brito / Felipe Zapata and Juan Pablo Astorga / Pedro Pablo Solar raised the families of Ajayu chinchorro that UCEN students could work in teams and develop your workshop projects on the grounds of FECOP FENAPO ARICA, for the development of a vision of the first 13 ha In total there are about 50 students who have steeped in the subject. Virtual meetings have been held with community, students have maintained a constant
communication, generating a bond in a virtuous circle.
In summary, the methodology of both workshops has been divided into groups of 3-4 students, developed in three Units:
First Unit: raising a diagnosis with variables ranging from the historical, geographical, environmental, urban, social, productive economy and sustainability. With the intersection of
these variables and conversations with families is what which students define the problems they will face and propose a vision of global solutions for their proposals.
Second Unit: the groups develop a proposal conceptual and zoning of a Master Plan with the objective channel of this holistic vision. They also define projects triggers that are related to each other and also form part of a larger integrated system.
Third Unit: individually, students focus on in the triggering projects, which are part of the vision of the Master plan. There is a great variety of proposals, ranging from housing to issues of education, culture, health, sports infrastructure, sustainable industrial production, etc.
This process goes hand in hand with the community, leading them to expand the opportunities that FECOP FENAPO has when this is carried out in reality, generating new edges of the discussion and vision of social organization.
Text: Felipe Zapata.
What will be our work as an organization?
Our work will consist of a first stage of the design of the first homes in the area and the creation of an ecosystem through the implementation of a "multipurpose room". This room will make accessible to the public the concepts of sustainability and the information necessary to experience the recycling processes, waste treatment and local water sources. The objective is to ensure that man and nature coexist in a harmonious and collaborative way, to ensure the common well-being of both in a future, so very uncertain with respect to the stability of the environment and the development of human communities.